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George boole He was born in 1815 and died in 1864. British mathematician, was born in Lincoln on 2 November 1815. He was the son of a shoemaker, thus unable to afford a high degree in education. But his determination would lead to this obstacle being overcome. As a child he studied at Lincoln Elementary School, and then at a Commercial School.
George Boole was initially interested in languages, taking private lessons in Latin with a local bookseller. At the age of twelve he was already able to translate a Lyric Poem into Latin by the poet Horace, thus demonstrating enormous capabilities. At age 16 he was already an Assistant Professor, four years later he would eventually found his own school in 1835. For some time now Boole had been studying mathematics alone, though his Father had encouraged him when he was young by giving him an essay. construction of optical instruments. Laplace and Lagrange's works were the subject of Boole's study, through notes he took. He received encouragement from Duncan Gregory, Editor of a Mathematical Journal, to study at Cambrige. However, he would not abandon his parents, who needed their care. In 1844, he launched a paper on the Application of Algebraic Methods for the Solution of Differential Equations, receiving a Gold Medal from the Royal Society.
The Mathematical Analysis of Logic was another of the works published in 1847, which thus disseminated his ideas of Symbolic Logic, so that Logic, presented by Aristotle, may be presented by Algebraic Equations. Boole said even. "We no longer need to associate Logic and Metaphysics, but Logic and Mathematics."
Boole quickly became known, and his work and ideas recognized by all British mathematicians and beyond. In 1840, he was elected to the post of Principal Professor of Mathematics in Ireland at Queen's College in Cork. And that was where Boole would stay for the rest of his life. An investigation into the Laws of Thought would be in 1854 its new publication, where the Theories of Logic and Probability are cemented. He achieved what is known as Boole Algebra because he approached Logic in order to reduce it to simple Algebra by inserting Logic in Mathematics. Boole married in 1855 to Mary Everest.
In 1857 he was elected a member of the Royal Society, and received honors and recognition from the Universities of Dublin and Oxford. A paper on Differential Equations in 1859, and in 1860 on finite difference calculations, and another on General Probability Methods, were the subject of Boole's investigation. He published many works, and was the first to investigate the basic property of numbers, such as Distributive Property. From his marriage to Mary Everest he had five daughters. Boole died in 1864, with only 49 years old victim of Pneumonia. Nowadays Boole Algebra is applied in the construction of computers, and thus one of the fundamental reasons for the revolution that computers are having in the world today applies equally to the research of Artificial Intelligence and the connection of phones between Many other applications.
Boole has been and continues to be regarded by his professional colleagues, and by all those who engage in mathematics, as having been a genius man. Boole's special law of logic says that x in relation to y = x. For this to be true, x = 1 or x = 0. Therefore, Boole Logic must use a Binary system.